Extraterritoriality and tariff autonomy in China

by Raymond T. Rich

Publisher: China Committee of the Institute of Pacific Relations in Shanghai

Written in English
Cover of: Extraterritoriality and tariff autonomy in China | Raymond T. Rich
Published: Pages: 95 Downloads: 500
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  • China,
  • China.


  • Exterritoriality,
  • Tariff -- China,
  • China -- Foreign relations

Edition Notes

Statementby Raymond T. Rich.
SeriesInternational understanding series
LC ClassificationsJX1570.Z6 E87
The Physical Object
Pagination3 p. l., iv, 95 p.
Number of Pages95
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL6714886M
LC Control Number28012541

Unable to reach a general agreement, the Japanese attempted to abolish extraterritoriality and to obtain tariff autonomy by bilateral treaties. The United States was first approached, and in February the American minister, Richard D. Hubbard, concluded a treaty with Japan that included the abolition of consular courts in five years. China - China - The first Opium War and its aftermath: In February the British government decided to launch a military expedition, and Elliot and his cousin, George (later Sir George) Elliot, were appointed joint plenipotentiaries to China (though the latter, in poor health, resigned in November). In June, 16 British warships arrived in Hong Kong and sailed northward to the mouth of the. The term "unequal treaty" became associated with the concept of China's "century of humiliation", especially the concessions to foreign powers and loss of tariff autonomy through the treaty ports. In many cases, China was effectively forced to pay large amounts of financial reparations, open up ports for trade, cede or lease territories. Taishō (大正) is a period in the history of Japan dating from 30 July to 25 December , coinciding with the reign of the Emperor Taishō. The new emperor was a sickly man, which prompted the shift in political power from the old oligarchic group of elder statesmen (or genrō) to the Imperial Diet of Japan and the democratic , the era is considered the time of the liberal.

The familiar diplomatic principle of extraterritoriality could provide a means to modest civil accommodations as well. In EU lingo, extraterritoriality usually refers to the Cuban Liberty and Democratic Solidarity Act. Although China regained tariff autonomy in the s, extraterritoriality was not formally abolished until   Its primary accomplishment was to end China’s tariff autonomy, by fixing ad valorem import and export duties at 5 per cent, levelling the playing field in favour of American and British. Non-tariff autonomy. the loss by a country of its right to set its own tariffs. Extraterritoriality. the immunity of a country's nationals from the laws of their host country. Cartel. a group of domestic or international businesses that form a group to control or monopolize an industry. This chapter takes the financial story up to the Nationalists' formation of a new government in It considers how Francis Aglen, Hart's successor at the Customs Service, accumulated financial power and became a protector of Chinese bondholders, including against foreign interests. It also explores how Gu Weijun, a leading Young China figure, made tariff autonomy, extraterritoriality, and.

Treaty of Nanking: | | Treaty of Nanking | | | Treaty of Peace, Fri World Heritage Encyclopedia, the aggregation of the largest online encyclopedias available, . of China to-day are internal rather than external, and that unequal treaties, extraterritoriality, tariff autonomy and imperialism are political slogans which are availed of by the agitators to excite the people of China into a frenzy of criticism and unrest. Japan adopted a more neutral attitude toward the civil war in China, dropped efforts to expand its hegemony into China proper, and joined the United States, Britain, and France in encouraging Chinese self-development. and to reexamine extraterritoriality and tariff autonomy policies. Japan also agreed to withdraw its troops from Shandong.

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Get this from a library. Extraterritoriality and tariff autonomy in China. [Raymond T Rich]. Series No. 6 Decem EXTRATERRITORIALITY IN CHINA Profound changes in the whole basis of China's existing relations with the other Powers are taking place with startling rapidity. Within the past few weeks the Powers have promised to restore tariff autonomy to China.

China’s War on Smuggling is a fascinating study of the complicated links between tariff policy, smuggling, and the development of the modern Chinese state Thai’s book will be of interest to economic and fiscal historians, but also to those concerned with how the Chinese state was able to strengthen its capacity to control markets and.

Tariff autonomy of China, [Bau, Mingchien Joshua] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Tariff autonomy of ChinaAuthor: Mingchien Joshua Bau. For further readings on the abolishment of extraterritorial jurisdiction in China, see Quincy Wright, ‘The End of Extraterritoriality in China’, The American Journal of International no.

2 (): ; Wesley R Fishel, The End of Extraterritoriality in China. (Octagon Books, ); John Carter Vincent, The Extraterritorial Author: Mariya Tait Slys.

order and ushered in a new one in China.5 Not a few books have been written on the subject. However, there is still no detailed study of 'the end of extraterritoriality in China'.6 It is hoped that this paper, based essentially on British archival materials released at the beginning ofwill fill at least part of the long-existing gap.

Another nationalist success came in when China achieved tariff autonomy. Japan's aggressive territorial expansion in China after further eroded American and European privileges.

Beginning inChina's World War II Allies relinquished their claims to extraterritoriality. These include the transformation from an empire (Qing) to a nation-state, the rise of Chinese nationalism, the restoration of China’s tariff autonomy, the abolition of extraterritoriality, China’s participation in the two world wars, and its role in.

At the end of the year, China reached agreements with Belgium, Denmark, Italy, Portugal, and Spain that provided for tariff autonomy; accepted, in principle, the ending of extraterritoriality; and promised that rights would be relinquished when other states had done so.

Conflicts of jurisdiction occurred from the beginning of intercourse between China and the West until they finally culminated in the Opium War between China and Great Britain. As a result of this war, Great Britain imposed on China the General Regulations of Trade ofthe first treaty to regularize extraterritoriality.

foreign powers to provide for tariff autonomy and the abolition of extraterritoriality; reaction by the United States, Great Britain, France, Germany, Japan, and Portugal to the proposals by the Chinese Government, and draft of reply by the United States to the proposals, ; and proposals of the nationalist regime for treaty revision, [iv] The British Note appears in the "China Year Book, ," p.

[v] The arguments against the abolition of extraterritoriality are ably set forth in H. Woodhead's "Extraterritoriality in China: The Case against Abolition" (Tientsin, ). [vi] The British Minister's Note to Nanking, Aug COVID Resources. Reliable information about the coronavirus (COVID) is available from the World Health Organization (current situation, international travel).Numerous and frequently-updated resource results are available from this ’s WebJunction has pulled together information and resources to assist library staff as they consider how to handle coronavirus.

Austen Chamberlain 's memorandum in acknowledged China's grievances, and led to a more conciliatory period. Concessions followed (most importantly the return of tariff autonomy in ) but the British remained committed to maintaining extraterritoriality.

Tariff Autonomy and Economic Control: The Intellectual Lineage of the Smuggling Epidemic and foreign extraterritoriality in China. This book also traces the dynamic forces and processes by which some of the most influential ideas of Sino-Western cultural and racial boundaries were created, contested, and normalized in the eighteenth and.

Although China regained tariff autonomy in the s, extraterritoriality was not formally abolished until KFTT Inhe signed the Japan-US commerce and navigation treaty and recovered tariff autonomy.

He suggested going as far as possible, unilaterally if necessary, in writing a new tariff treaty, and he favored gradual relinquishment of extraterritoriality. A new treaty between the United States and China was signed in July that granted China tariff autonomy and that contained mutual guarantees of most-favored-nation treatment.

commerce and industry of all nations in China, and to reexamine extraterritoriality and tariff autonomy. Japan also agreed to withdraw its troops from Japan also agreed to withdraw its troops from Mongolia under Qing rule (5, words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article.

extraterritoriality for foreign nationals in China, and the restoration of tariff autonomy to China. It also urged the United States to take a leadership role in enacting these reforms. MRL 6: Conference on American Relations with China Records, 3.

regained tariff autonomy inover half a century after the limitations were imposed. But this did not end the Japanese quest for equality with the West. Even as Japan escaped its status as victim of imperialism, it joined in the European and American game—that is, Japan began to build its own empire, to be one of the perpetrators.

After the Russian Revolution ofthe Soviet government terminated most of the privileges gained by tsarist Russia under the unequal n and the Chinese Nationalists succeeded in persuading the Western powers to return tariff autonomy to China, but extraterritorial privileges were not relinquished by Britain, France, and the United States until   The cost, however, has been extremely high, culminating in Canada surrendering its economic and geopolitical sovereignty and subjecting it to U.S.

extraterritoriality. American economic dominance over Canada began before Confederation in when its prime minister, John A. MacDonald, implemented the National Policy with the tariff as its. action Administration Affairs agreement ambassador American Policy Antwerp MacMurray Army Asia Asian Belgian Belgium Britain British Cambridge Canton Ch'en Chang Tso-lin Chiang Kai-shek China policy Chinese demands Chinese Government concerned concessions cooperation Customs delegation developments diplomacy Diplomats in Crisis Dorothy Borg.

For more details, see Stanley F. Wright, China's Struggle for Tariff Autonomy, – (Shanghai: Kelly & Walsh, ). All data from Trade of China (various issues) and Liang-lin Hsiao, China's Foreign Trade Statistics, – (Cambridge: Harvard East Asian Monographs, ).

Although China regained tariff autonomy in the s, extraterritoriality was not formally abolished until the Sino-British Treaty for the Relinquishment of Extra-Territorial Rights in China.

Others, including Iron Hawk and Feather Earring, confirmed that Custer and his men got no closer to the river than that—several hundred yards back up the. (4) a tariff agreement entailing China's loss of tariff autonomy; (5) right of extraterritoriality (loss of Chinese jurisdiction over foreigners in China) (6) Britain to enjoy most favoured-nation status.

China tariff barriers, generally distinguishes, between three main tax categories: a value-added tax (VAT), a consumption tax and general custom duties. These tariffs can range from anywhere from 0% all the way up to %. Non-tariff barriers include complex regulation, quotas, licenses and other means.

CONFERENCE BACKS DEMANDS OF CHINA; Tariff Autonomy and Ending of Extraterritoriality Are Endorsed at Baltimore. AMERICA IS URGED TO LEAD Resolution Calls for Her to. 2 TARIFF AUTONOMY AND ECONOMIC CONTROL: The Intellectual Lineage of the Smuggling Epidemic (pp.

) The unequal treaties that shaped the contours of the coastal Chinese economy—in both its legal and illegal variants—were defined by two key features: the introduction of extraterritoriality and the deprivation of tariff autonomy.

This is an excellent book for the reader of old history books. Edward Thomas Williams was originally trained as a missionary to China in the late 19th century, but he educated himself more on Chinese history, language, and culture.

By the time of this book's publication in he was a professor of Oriental Studies at UC s: 1. Although China regained tariff autonomy in the s, extraterritoriality was not formally abolished until the Sino-British Treaty for the Relinquishment of Extra-Territorial Rights in China.

Not until the retrocession of Hong Kong in did China revert the last .Book; Language English; Published/ Created New York [etc.] Description v. Details Subject(s) Pan-Pacific relations Notes These volumes contain the "Data papers" listed at the head of successive chapters of the Proceedings, with the exception of some which are separately cataloged.

With minor exceptions the arrangement is by conferences.Concessions followed (most importantly the return of tariff autonomy in ) but the British remained committed to maintaining extraterritoriality.

The UK was the first major Western country to.